TYPES OF TRAITS
Traits can be classified into two categories-common traits and unique traits.
Common traits-they are qualities that are found in most people within a cultural group. Such as aggression, submission, trustworthiness and generosity. However, these qualities are found in varying degrees among the members of a group. These traits are the product of similar environmental influences, similar cultural values and similar child-rearing practices.
Unique traits-they are patterns of behavior which characterize a particular individual and may not be found or found to the same degree in other people. They are developed from unusual combinations of hereditary qualities, from personal experiences and from social environment with cultural values. Unique traits stand out so conspicuously that they dominate most of the person’s activities. They are significant and distinct and may be responsible for making the person famous or infamous.
TRAITS AND HABITS
Sometimes traits and habits are confused. Ordinarily, the term habit may be termed as the integrated systems of conditioned reflexes involving especially reinforced responses. It applies to a narrow and limited type of determining tendency. For example, a young child while growing learns (with difficulty) how to make his bed every morning. For some years this habit stands alone, aroused only by appropriate commands from parents as an item in the chain of acts he performs daily. With the passing of years, however, making a bed becomes not only automatic (as is the way of habit) but it is woven into a wide system of habits that is to become a trait of personal cleanliness. This example implies that a trait arises through the integration of numerous specific habits that have the same general adaptive significance to the person. Habits do not integrate automatically, but they do so when the person has some general concept that leads to their fusion under higher system of organization.
TYPES OF TRAITS