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May 3, 2016
by lejla1311
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Lailat Al Miraj

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Lailat Al Miraj is the the night journey of Prophet Muhammad from Mecca s.a.v.s (Masjid Al-Haram) to Jerusalem (al-Masjid al-Aqsa) and then to the heavenly spheres of the Buraku and in society with Jibril-Emin a.s. Prophet Muhammad was honored with this journey when he had the hardest time in his life. No one before him has never been honored with this journey. This is the time when Prophet Muhammad lost two most important persons in his life – Abu Talib and Hazrat Khadija R.A. (Mother of believers, the first wife of the Prophet s.a.v.s.) died.

On Miraj the Prophet ascended to the highest heaven and stayed close to the Almighty Lord, by exceeding the limit that is not allowed to exceed even the angels themselves. There he saw miracles that the human eye has not seen, nor will see until Judgment Day. On this journey, Salat or Namaz was brought to people, muslim prayer. And three last verses of Surah Al-Baqarah were published to him. It is not precisely recorded when the night of Israa and Miraj took place. It is certain that it was before the Hijrah, but the assumption is the 26th night of the month of Rajab.

Prophet Muhammad saw heaven and hell on Miraj, and their inhabitants. On this occasion i t is good to prey Nafl prayer or supererogatory prayers. This nafl prayer consists of 12 rakats. It is nice to pray this nafl after Isha prayers, and before Vitr. It can be done in the mosque, or at home in solitude.

This is the night when you can make a wish in this Nafl prayer and Allah may fulfill your wish. It is one really special night for Muslims. I will try to pray tonight as much as I can. Health is all we need and that is my wish.

 

Image via Pixabay.com.

May 3, 2016
by lejla1311
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Status of Women In Islam

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The position of women in Islam is an extremely important issue, because the woman is the pillar of the family, she is raising future members of society, future mothers and fathers; thus its role is of great importance, not only for her family but for society as a whole. For their fundamental rights, women in the West led a strong fight in all fields. On all paths of life and learning, women are portrayed as inferior and subordinate to men, whereby the stereotype of “feminine” women was imposed by men.

In Islam, Allah s.a.w.s., gave rights to women 1400 years ago. Prophet Muhammad showed how to treat women through his behavior towards his wives and other Muslim women.

That is what has changed the attitude and approach to women’s position in the world. It was a real revolution, because at a time when Islam has brought these rights to women, there was no community in the world that has brought these rights to women. In the west, woman had no rights at all – she could not manage and make decisions about anything in her life ( education, the choice of husband… ). The woman had no right to be an equal partner to her husband,  he owned her in every possible way.

Islam raised the social status of women to an unimaginable degree for that period. Muslim woman is not deprived of work outside the home, nor its social activities. However, women must first fulfill her obligations towards the house and family, and family, therefore, her husband and children. Only then, with husband’s approval, woman can get involved in activities for which she is capable and qualified.

For the first time in history, Islam gave the right to women to educate themselves and the obligation for education of both male and female children.

Prophet Muhammad  said, “Whoever has a female (daughter) under his guardianship, and he neither buries her alive, nor treats her with contempt, nor gives preference to his sons over her, God will admit him to paradise.” 

April 25, 2016
by lejla1311
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Benefits Of Prayer In Islam

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It is known that the prayer is the most important religious duty of every Muslim man and woman. Prayer or Namaz or Salat must be performed five times a day, starting from the seventh year of our life until we die, whether we are at home, on the orad, sick or healthy. Prayer is salvation on both worlds. There are many benefits of prayer in Islam. Every ritual in Islam has its own purpose and goal. Prayer is primarily prescribed for Muslims to achieve spiritual benefits, ie to clean from sin and spiritually get closer to Allah. That is the main and basic purpose of prayer.

First of all, our prayers must be done honestly, ie just for the pleasure of Allah, and not for any personal low interests and goals. Prayer must permeate our whole body and soul and our whole being, with pious reverence to the Almighty Creator, before which the worshiper stands with a deep devotion to His greatness.

Peace of mind! This is the most precious treasure we all seek, but many do not find it. Peace of mind can only be found in a sincere prayer, which is filled with awe and devotion. Peace of mind is happiness for which everyone yearns and longs. It is not happiness in a variety of gold, silver and money. Real happiness is the satisfaction and calm of the soul. How many billionaires and millionaires in the world despite their riches feel hopeless and unhappy, so many of them end their life by suicide. Why? Because peace of mind is something they couldn’t find and buy,they get killed by their greed, greed and fear for one’s wealth and life. Peace of mind has only a true believer who humbly and contritely prays.

Daily performance of prayer is the best way to clean up from our many sins. Properly and sincerely performed prayer prevents not only from evil deeds, but also from evil thoughts and cleans our soul.

It is important to note the health aspects of the prayer. Rhythmic movements in prayer, in addition to its meaning in the moral sense, at the same time are complete gymnastics which is run by every part of the body. These gestures in prayer lead a balanced development and strengthening the body. Bodily hygiene related to prayer, along with the aforementioned rhythmic movements, guarantees worshiper a healthy life.

 

Image via Pixabay.com.

April 23, 2016
by lejla1311
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Mount Uhud

Uhud is a mountain located in the suburb of Medina. This hill is 142 meters high.  Battle of Uhud was fought on March 23, 625 year after Isa a.s., between the forces of the small Muslim community led by Muhammad, and the forces of Mecca led by Abu Sufyan ibn Harb. Muslim forces were composed of Ansar (residents of Medina) and Muhajirun who were previously together with Muhammad emigrated from Mecca (Hijra). The battle of Uhud was the second military encounter between the Meccans and the Muslims. Muslim forces were composed of Ansar (residents of Medina) and Muhajirun who were previously together with Muhammad emigrated from Mecca (Hijra). The battle of Uhud was the second military encounter between the Meccans and the Muslims. In the previous battle of Badr (624 years after Isa as), a small Muslim army defeated the much larger Meccan army.

In the beginning of the battle outnumbered Muslims gained the initiative and forced the enemy forces in retreat. When it seemed that victory is in sight, serious mistake of some parts of the Muslim army that violated the command of Muhammad that shooters are not allowed to leave their positions, enabled the enemy to turn the tide of battle in their favor.

When the Muslim archers left their posts in order to participate in the division of prey, Meccan war veteran Khalid ibn al-Walid started cavalry and completely turned the tide of battle. 70 Muslims were killed, including Abu Hamza r.a., uncle of Muhammad, and even Muhammad himself was wounded. Muslims had to retreat to the hills of Uhud where they regrouped and Meccan army returned to Mecca, thinking that they completely defeated the Muslim army. Interestingly, the creator of the breakthrough in this battle, Khalid ibn al-Walid soon converted to Islam and became a companion of Muhammad. By the end of his life he led the Muslim army in many battles.

 

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April 22, 2016
by lejla1311
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Cemetery Al-Baqi ‘

Jannatul Baqi Maqbarat Al-Baqi ‘ is cemetery in Medina, Saudi Arabia, which is located across the street from the Prophet’s Mosque, on the southeast side. This cemetery is of great importance because it contains the graves of many relatives and friends of Muhammad a.s. During the construction of the Prophet’s Mosque, Asa’ad Bin Zarra one of the Companions of  Muhammad, died. Muhammad a.s. chose this place for the cemetery and Asa’ad r.a. was the first deceased buried in Al-Baqi.

The first expansion of the cemetery in history was made by Muawiyah I. He bought several adjacent farms and expanded cemetery. Muawiyah I built the first tomb at Al-Baqi over Uthman ibn Affan’s grave. During different periods of history many tombs were built.

Cemetery Al Bakki is today visited by many pilgrims, and the cemetery did not stop with burials of deceased to this day.

Important personalities buried in Jannat al-Baqi:

  • Most women of Muhammad S.A
  • Fatima Zahra r.a. – The daughter of Muhammad a.s.
  • Roqayyah r.a, daughter of Muhammad a.s.
  • Hasan ibn Ali r.a. – grandson of Muhammad as, son of Fatima and Ali
  • Ibrahim r.a. – son of Muhammad a.s.
  • Ali Zaynul Abideen r.a. – great-grandson of Muhammad a.s.
  • Muhammad al-Baqir r.a. – great-grandson of Muhammad a.s.
  • Ja’far as-Sadiq r.a – great-grandson of Muhammad a.s.

It is said that those who die in Medina, get buried over there. Now, that would be an honor, to be buried among the companions of the Prophet himself. We are all so occupied with this world that we forget that we will all be in the cemetery and grave one day.

So, in Islam it is recommended to visit cemeteries in order to remind yourself that one day he/she will be there as well. We must try to be good Muslims in order to earn our reward in paradise.

 

Image via Pixabay.com.

April 22, 2016
by lejla1311
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Prophet’s Mosque (Al-Masjid al-Nabawi)

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Al-Masjid an-Nabawi is not only the biggest attraction of the city of Medina but is the second holiest site in Islam. This mosque is the second largest mosque in the world (just after the Grand Mosque in Mecca). The most attractive part of the mosque is blue dome above the mosque, below which is located the grave of the Prophet Muhammad s.a.v.s. built in the early 12th century. The area in the mosque between the minbar of the Prophet and his grave is called Er Revda El Mutahari  – paradise garden. The original mosque was roofless and had dimensions of 30 m x 35 m. The walls were built of a mixture of straw and mud.

Seven years later, due to the increasing number of Muslims, the mosque was enlarged and its surface is then doubled. After Prophet Muhammad passed away, Islamic rulers continued to expand and beautify the mosque. Khalifa Al-Walid ibn Abd al-Malik renovated and significantly increased the mosque uniting it with the tombstone of Muhammad a.s. The mosque was given the dimensions of 100 x 300 m.  New walls are built on stone foundations with teak deck that stood on stone pillars. The mosque walls were decorated with mosaics.

Abbasid Khalifa al-Mahdi expanded the northern part of the mosque and has also added 20 new gates to the mosque,: eight on the east, 8 on the west and 4 on the north side of the mosque. The Ottoman sultans who ruled Medina from 1517 until the First World War also left their mark on the Prophet’s Mosque. Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent renewed the western and eastern walls of the mosque and built the minaret in the north-east side known as Sulejmani. He added a new mihrab (al-Ahnaf) by the mihrab Muhammad a.s. (Al-Shafi’ijah) and built a new dome over the tomb of Muhammad a.s.

The latest renovation of the mosque was done during the reign of King Fahd and since then a mosque with garden occupies an area of around 350,000 m². The mosque has a rectangular shape and is lavishly decorated with multi-colored marble and stone. The mosque has 85 doors and 27 moving domes, which open after the Asr prayer.

In the mosque were built two large libraries and underground parking on two levels in which you can park 4444 cars. In the courtyard of the mosque were placed folding umbrellas so that area can be used for prayer. In the mosque today in normal conditions can worship at the same time 700,000 people, while during Ramadan and Hajj this number increases up to 1,000,000.

 

Image via Pixabay.com.

April 22, 2016
by lejla1311
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Something About Medina

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Medina is a Muslim holy city in Saudi Arabia. Located at 642 m above sea level. It is located 440 km north of Mecca, and 152 km east of the coast of the Red Sea. Throughout the last three decades, the population has increased several times. In Medina currently live about 1.3 million inhabitants. Medina occupies an area of approximately 600 km2 of which about 50% is urban city center. The city has more than forty beautifully landscaped parks with an area of over a million square meters.

The parks maintain more than 3,000 workers. Also in Medina is 15 private hospitals and 54 clinics. The climate is dry and the temperature range from 30 ° C to 46 ° C in summer, and from 15 ° C to 25 ° C in winter. Medina is known for the fact that there are more than 90 names, of which the best known are: Al-Medina al-münevver, Tayyib, Al-Hajra, Ed-Dar Al-Mahfouz, Al-Habib, Taba, El-Mubarak, Daru -L-Fath, harem Rasulullah Me’zeru-l-iman, Darus-salam, Kurbeti-l-Ansar, Daru-l-Iman, Sejjidetu-l-Buldan, El-mukhtar, Daru-l-Ebrar, Daru- l-Ahjar, domes-l-Islam, Al-Me’asume etc.

Everyone knows that the Mecca is harem or sacred and protected space, but it is not surprising that many do not know that Medina is as well a harem. Mecca is the harem from time of Prophet Abraham a.s., and Medina since the time of Mohammed, a.s. According to Islamic tradition the Prophet, a.s., from the Almighty asked to make Medina a harem as well and He, the Almighty, pleased his prayers. Thus, within its borders should not be spilled blood, fight, hunt, destroy vegetation or do any other offense.

Medina is a city where there is a mosque of the Prophet, s.a.v.s. It is the city where Prophet Muhammad lived with his companions. As you can see, Medina is one truly amazing city and I sincerely hope that I will get a chance to visit this place at least once in a lifetime.

 

Image via Pixabay.com.

April 21, 2016
by lejla1311
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Difference Between The Hajj and Umrah

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Hajj is one of the five pillars of Islam. If a Muslim is able, he/she should perform Hajj at least once in a  lifetime. And that is a dream of every Muslim, to go at least once to this holy place. Here are some obligations and things a Muslim must and should do during the Hajj.

Strict oblications of Hajj are:

  • Ihram (putting on two sewn cloth which includes certain restrictions like the ban on haircuts, head coverings, etc.)
  • standing (wuquf) on Arafat, day before Eid
  • 7 basic tours around the Kaaba (tavāfuz-ziyara).

Commitments of Hajj are:

  • Farewell Tawaf (tavāful-Veda ‘)
  • Fast walk between Safa and Marwa
  • Standing at Muzdalifah at least one second before dawn on the first day of Eid al-Adha (returning from Arafat)
  • Throwing pebbles at the Jamarat in Mina,
  • Shaving or cutting the hair after completed rituals.

Umrah or so-called “small Hajj” is Sunnah.  As well as hajj, should be performed once in a lifetime.

Umrah consists only of:

– Ihram,

– Tawaf around the Kaaba,

– SA’Y between Safa and Marwah,

– Shaving or cutting hair after SA’Y.

 

The pilgrimage is (in) the well-known months, and whoever is minded to perform the pilgrimage therein (let him remember that) there is (to be) no lewdness nor abuse nor angry conversation on the pilgrimage. And whatsoever good ye do Allah knoweth it. So make provision for yourselves (Hereafter); for the best provision is to ward off evil. Therefore keep your duty unto Me, O men of understanding. – Al-Baqara, 196.

 

Hajj and Umrah can be performed in three ways:

  • Qiran – means simultaneously perform the Hajj and Umrah. Arriving in Mecca, pilgrim performs first the Umrah (7 rounds around the Kaaba and SA’Y between Safa and Marwa),  and then under the same ihram move to Hajj affairs.
  • Tamattu’ – first is perform the umrah, cutting the hair and removing the ihram, and in Ihram with the intention, re-enter the day before Arafator prior, and move on to the rites of Hajj.
  • Ifraad – means perform only Hajj or just Umrah. In this case Umrah is performed outside the months of Hajj.

 

Image via pixabay.com.

 

April 20, 2016
by lejla1311
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Interesting Facts About The Kaaba

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There is no place on Earth that is more respected than the Mecca. By objective standards, this valley in the region of Hijaz in Arabia is the most glorious place on earth. Thousands of people daily circle around the Kaaba. Kaaba is the epicenter of Mecca. The building in the shape of a cube is in the heart of the most famous buildings in the history of humanity, wrapped in black cloth. Here’s just a few things that most people may not know about the Kaaba.

  • Kaaba, which we know today, is not the same Kaaba built by prophets Ibrahim, a.s., and Ismail, a.s., From time to time it needed reconstruction after natural and other disasters. The first significant intervention in the area around the Kaaba, and thus the foundations of the future mosque, was made by Caliph Omer, r.a. In fact, during the Prophet, s.a.v.s., there were no walls around the Kaaba. It was surrounded by houses. The last renovation was in 1996 and it was extremely thorough, a substantial part of stones were replaced, the foundation was reinforced and the roof was replaced.
  • The original Kaaba had a door for entering and one for exit. For some time it had one window. Kaaba nowadays doesn’t have a window.
  • Kaaba has been covered in several colors, including green, red and even white.
  • Until recently, Kaaba used to be opened twice a week, for people to come inside and pray. However, due to the increased number of pilgrims and other factors, Kaaba now opens only twice a year and only for dignitaries and special guests.
  • Around the Kaaba people could swim.
  • Kaaba was not in cubic shape. The most famous cube in the world actually was rectangular.

The Kaaba is the place which is very important to all the Muslims around the world. I sincerely hope that I will get a chance to visit this holy place once in a lifetime.

 

Image via Pixabay.com.

April 20, 2016
by lejla1311
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What Is Salat(Namaz)?

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Salata, namaz or prayer is very important in Islam. Salat is the pillar and foundation of faith: if there is no prayer – there is no faith. Namaz are moments in which we are closest to Allah, gracious, and occasions when we ask for forgiveness, but also to meet the desires and needs, eligible for the removal of trouble, for protection from danger and accidents . Every Muslim man and woman must pray five times a day. It is their basic duty.

Namaz is communication with our Lord and Creator. true believers find peace in namaz or salat. It is the food for our soul. As much as our body needs food, so does our soul. And the food for our soul is prayer.

Before joining the prayer, one should meet set of conditions or preparation for prayer.

These conditions for the prayer are:

1. To clean the body, clothes and place where we can worship

2. Use the ablution or, if necessary, take a bath (ghusl)

3. Be dressed decently

4. Pray at time

5. Turn to the Qibla

6. Decide to worship (the intention).

 

It is forbidden to worship in the time of sunrise and half an hour after sunrise,
when the sun passes over the middle of the sky and when the sun sets. The beginning of
prayer for the whole year is marked in the Takvim (Muslim calendar). The muezzin announces the call to prayer. It is called adhan or azan.

The text of the Athan (Arabic accent)
The text of the ‘Athan’:
Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar,
Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar.
Ashhadu alla ilaha illallah,
Ashhadu alla ilaha illallah.
Ashhadu anna Muhammadar-rasoolullah,
Ashhadu anna Muhammadar-rasoolullah.
Hayya ‘ala-ssalah,
Hayya ‘ala-ssalah.
Hayya ‘alal-falah,
Hayya ‘alal-falah.
Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar.
La ilaha illallah.
The meaning of the Athan
Allah is the greatest, Allah is the greatest.
Allah is the greatest, Allah is the greatest.
I bear witness that there is no deity (worthy of worship) but Allah.
I bear witness that there is no deity (worthy of worship) but Allah.
I bear witness that Muhammad is Allah’s Messenger.
I bear witness that Muhammad is Allah’s Messenger.
Come to the prayer, Come to the prayer.
Come to prosperity, Come to prosperity.
Allah is the greatest, Allah is the greatest.
There is no deity (worthy of worship) but Allah.
Image via Pixabay.com.
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